The art of the Aegean world. Archaeological discoveries, periods.
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has been developed in
for two thousand years (from 3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it
held: the Aegean sea and its Islands, Cycladic island, Peninsula
The Peloponnese, the West coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean.
The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist
Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first
compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. The gist of it is to share Continue reading
Spain. The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
The Gothic quarter is the oldest part of the city, situated between the Ramblas and vía Avenue Laetana (Via Laietana). At this place in the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 ad), the Romans founded a settlement (colonia). In the early XX century, during the reign of dictator Primo de Rivera architects gave the historic center of Barcelona called the Gothic quarter. In 1925-1927, this name was officially confirmed. With the Gothic period have been preserved residential building and dumping near the street via Laetana.
The main value of the Gothic quarter to the Barcelona Cathedral. In addition, in the Gothic quarter there are the following main attractions: the Palace or Palau de La Generalitat and city hall Casa de La Ciutat on plaça Sant Jaume, the home of the archdeacon, Museum of history, Plaza del Rei, Plaza Nova, Plaza del PI.
The plaça Sant Jaume has appeared in the middle ages the Roman forum. It is located in the heart of the Gothic quarter between the Cathedral and the town hall. Directly on the square overlooking the Palace Palau de La Generalitat (the Catalan government) and Ajuntament or cassà de La Ciutat (city hall).
The Catalan government Continue reading
The oldest buildings of the world
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How to buy real estate, how many you can sell, in what country are there the most favorable conditions of real estate acquisition, etc. Erection of buildings, people paid great attention since ancient times. Before our time preserved some specimens of the architectural ideas of our forefathers. Such real estate cannot be bought, because it represents a universal value, then it optionally, you can admire, admiring the scale of thought.
On today’s significant architectural structure that we know today was built around three thousand BC in Egypt. We are talking about the pyramid of Djoser. This pyramid was the first structure of the kind in the history of mankind. It reaches a height of 60 meters. Another one of the masterpieces of ancient Egyptian architecture the pyramid of Sneferu in Meduma, the construction of which dates back to approximately 2 600 year BC.
Height of the building is less than 120 meters. In a list of similar architectural creations can be called well-known Continue reading
Scientists: ancient temples can be residential houses
Archaeologists believe that ancient buildings which are considered to be the temples of our ancestors, could have had quite another purpose.
Ancient buildings, discovered in Turkey, are considered the oldest temples in the world. But archaeologist Ted Banning of the University of Toronto (Canada) thought that they had no exclusive religious purpose. The expert believes that the buildings of Göbekli Tepe were built for people and not gods, reports “Kompyulenta”.
Gobekli is a hill located near the town of Urfa. In 1995, Klaus Schmidt of the German archaeological Institute and colleagues from the Museum Lizbon (Turkey) discovered the remains of immense buildings with large stone pillars, many of which are carved snakes, Scorpions, foxes, and other animals.
The presence of works of art and significant efforts that were supposed to make builders and decorators, as well as the lack of evidence for any permanent settlement in the area made Schmidt and his colleagues to conclude that here was a sacred place, where pilgrims come, — a kind of Neolithic (or even Mesolithic) Delphi. Buildings more than ten thousand years.
Banning offers a different interpretation. It indicates Continue reading
These mysterious pyramids.
Huge tombs, having the form of quadrangular pyramids, seem mysterious messengers from the distant past. But what are these structures – tombs or something else? What is the meaning of these monumental structures? Such issues of concern to mankind for decades.
In ancient times and today the shape of the pyramids showed the harmony of the universe. It was fundamental for all natural disasters. The Egyptian pyramids are a great example of such manifestations. They are known to all. These giants grow out of the Egyptian sand and strike the man with its size and drawn forms.
However, the pyramids of Egypt far from the only one of its kind. A similar complex of pyramids is located in Tibet. Originally, scientists thought that it was just an ordinary mountain, acquired over time a pyramidal shape. However, using a number of modern technologies and materials, scientists have found that these objects are not the result of tectonic activity of the Earth. They have their faces stepped, about the same as the Mexican pyramids and the Egyptian pyramid of Pharaoh Djoser.
In the study of the pyramid of the Pharaoh Cheops scientist Antoine Bowie noticed a number of unusual phenomena. The corpses of animals that were kept inside the pyramid, Continue reading