Famous Gothic buildings
Spain. The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
The Gothic quarter is the oldest part of the city, situated between the Ramblas and vía Avenue Laetana (Via Laietana). At this place in the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 ad), the Romans founded a settlement (colonia). In the early XX century, during the reign of dictator Primo de Rivera architects gave the historic center of Barcelona called the Gothic quarter. In 1925-1927, this name was officially confirmed. With the Gothic period have been preserved residential building and dumping near the street via Laetana.
The main value of the Gothic quarter to the Barcelona Cathedral. In addition, in the Gothic quarter there are the following main attractions: the Palace or Palau de La Generalitat and city hall Casa de La Ciutat on plaça Sant Jaume, the home of the archdeacon, Museum of history, Plaza del Rei, Plaza Nova, Plaza del PI.
The plaça Sant Jaume has appeared in the middle ages the Roman forum. It is located in the heart of the Gothic quarter between the Cathedral and the town hall. Directly on the square overlooking the Palace Palau de La Generalitat (the Catalan government) and Ajuntament or cassà de La Ciutat (city hall).
The Catalan government is set in a restored Palace (Palau de La Generalitat) since 1403. The Palace is connected by a gallery to the house of Canon, the only Gothic building of the XI century on Roman foundations, survived after numerous reconstructions. Now it is the residence of the President of Catalonia. The Renaissance facade is a statue of Saint George (Sant Jordi), the patron Saint of Catalonia, with the dragon. Inside is the Gothic chapel of Sant Jordi, designed by mark SAFECOM (1416), and hall Sal de Sant Jordi, Pere Blai decorated in the Italian style. On the other side of the Palace on the second floor Orange courtyard (Pati-the Dells-Tarongers), the creation Pau Mateu, and the bell tower, built by Pere ferré in 1568
The city Council building was built in 1373 On the square at the entrance to the town hall installed two monument Jaume I, established in the thirteenth century in Barcelona city Council (the Council hundreds – Consell de Cent) and joão Peveler, made in the XVI century court nobility to pay taxes. The main value of the building is the main hall “Hall of a hundred”, which sat 100 residents from different estates.
In the Plaza San Jaume often hosts celebrations, locals traditionally celebrate the New year before the clock on the main facade of city Hall.
The house of the archdeacon was built in the XII century near the former Bishop’s gate in the Roman wall. Around 1500 the house was built a gallery with columns. In 1870, the gallery has expanded and formed around the fountain patio, stylized flamboyant Gothic. In the modern era at the main entrance there was a marble Inbox with carving, which depicts three swallows and a tortoise, the work of the architect Domenech I Montaner.
The architectural ensemble of the plaça del Rei includes the Royal Palace (Palau Reial which offers) and the Museum of city history. The Palace was built in the XIII century as the residence of the counts of Barcelona. In one of the buildings is the Gothic hall of the fourteenth century Tinnel (his size – 17 feet wide). Here was held the official reception of the “Catholic kings” Ferdinand and Isabella had returned from America of Columbus.
New square (Plaça Nova), actually, is quite old, it was founded in 1355 at the time there was a city gate. On the square you can see remnants of ancient Roman walls.
Area PI (Plaça del Pi) is one of the most picturesque places in the Gothic quarter. It is decorated with a Gothic Church of the XIV century Santa Maria del PI. This Church is one of the best examples of Catalan Gothic architecture, perhaps, after the Basilica of Santa Maria del Mar.