The first buildings of the transitional Romanesque-Gothic style in the Czech Republic were relatively few in number, they became a Cistercian churches. Franciscan. Dominican and Benedictine monasteries (in particular, Onezhskogo. Teplá. Trebizskeho and Ternovskogo monasteries ). The first monks of new Czech monasteries, as a rule, were invited from monasteries in Germany and Austria. Together with the monastic brethren came artel of masters, carrying with them the traditions of the Gothic architecture of Western Europe. In particular, the order of the Cistercians brought with them their own specific type of Gothic Church developed by the Cistercians in their homeland in Burgundy. The peculiarity of this type was the lack of towers and external reference systems, as in the Czech Republic this type of temple was even more simplified and adapted to the local Roman tradition.
The first structures in the early Gothic style combined the traditional massive cubic features of Romanesque architecture with new architectural techniques of Western Europe, such as Gothic rib vaults on consoles and carved tracery rose window. The Romanesque galleries and a semicircular asiby lateral naves was combined with the frame structure of Gothic arches. Example of eclectic verhnelensky Romanesque features and a French-Burgundian early Gothic elements was erected late in the reign of king Wenceslas I (1230 -1253 ) monastic Church of the assumption of the virgin Mary in Trebic (now known as St. Procopius Basilica ). The connection in one of the architectural composition of kosmicheskogo arch at the end of the chorus. blind arches and galleries give the impression of clutter interior, giving it a gloomy and massive, Romanesque splendor
A colorful example of the early influence of German Gothic architecture in the Czech Republic is preserved early Gothic portal “the Gates of Heaven” Church of the assumption of the virgin Mary in the monastery of Porta Coeli Cistercian. founded by Queen Constance and her son king Wenceslas I in the village of Predklasteri near the South Moravian town of Tišnov (the Church was consecrated in 1239 ). The portal, apparently, was built by a crew of Saxon masters. Contrary to the principles of the ascetic Cistercian architecture “Heaven’s Gate” were decorated with two rows of sculptures of the apostles on the side slopes of the portal and a relief in the tympanum composition. Researchers have noted a striking similarity with multistage barely discerned by streichelt arches architectural structure of the portal and its sculptural decoration (including floral design and antique clothing sculptures of the apostles) with the “Golden Gate” in the Cathedral of Freiberg in Saxony (around 1230 ). The architectural concept of the portal “the Gate of Heaven” has imperfections present in such Gothic structures in Germany, which was built on the model of French Gothic creations. Here violated the basic idea of French Gothic portal — a form of connection of the statues with columns. In this case the statues are not in front of the columns and not even in recesses, as in Freiberg the portal, and just before the corners of ledges that does not correspond with the logic of the structure of the Gothic portal in France. As in many early Gothic structures in the portal “the Gate of Heaven” are widely used techniques still in Romanesque architecture, mainly refers to the appearance of the statues of the apostles.
“Heaven’s Gate” (lat. Porta Coeli ) — early Gothic portal of the Church of the assumption of the virgin Mary in the monastery of Porta Coeli Cistercian. an example of the influence of German Gothic (1239 )