Stonehenge ancient than previously thought
Stonehenge several times disappeared, and was resurrected
Excavations close to the famous megalithic structures of Stonehenge made it possible to find evidence that archaeological settlement in this place occurred in the mid-eighth Millennium BC. Consequently, people lived here for five thousand years earlier, than was considered till now, and probably could have been the first builders of the prehistoric monument.
In Amesbury and Wiltshire (Amesbury, Wiltshire), a mile from Stonehenge, in the camp of Vespasian, a team of British archaeologists under the direction of David Jacques (Jacques David) from Open University (UK) the finds were made, which allow to conclude that people settled in these lands much earlier than 2500 BC. Exactly this date was adopted by the scientific community.
Recall that sometimes the construction of Stonehenge is attributed not only to the legendary times of the druids, but also dated its construction to the I — IV centuries after Christ, when England was part of the Roman Empire. Court physician of king Charles II suggested a later Dating of the construction of this megalith. In correspondence with one scholar of antiquities was suggested to build a monument in the 9th century, the Scandinavians, who won by the time of the island.
With the invention of radiocarbon method, the composition of the isotope C14, in the 1950-ies carried out a study of samples from Stonehenge and found that the installation period of the first Sarsenov (about 2500 BC) and the “blue stones” (2300 — 2000 BC.). The trilithon of the larger rocks, having a blue tint, weighing 50 tonnes and are 6-7 meters in height; the trilithons surrounded by three dozens of Sarsenovich stones, weighing about 25 tons and just above 4 meters. Take into account that for centuries the layout of Stonehenge was repeatedly changed.
After two years studying Stonehenge, in 1996 the society “English heritage” announced that this megalithic structure was built around the 2695 BC. It was believed that around this time on the future site of Stonehenge appeared earthworks and ditches, within which was set a hedge of “blue stones”, including the four stones on parts of the world.
In 1999, while still a student, David Jacques carefully examined the pictures of the Stonehenge area, obtained during Aerophotos shooting, and drew attention to the spring. Very attractive place for animals. Wild animals followed the hunter comes, he reasoned, the future archaeologist. The closest to Stonehenge a source of fresh water all year round could benefit both people and animals, prompted the idea to look more closely at this area. This marked the beginning of the opening that led to such a sensational conclusion.
The radiocarbon method to date was found during the recent excavation material. From which it follows that the settlement here occurred periodically over a long period from 7500 to 4,700 BC. And people inhabited these lands every Millennium, according to the Internetwebsite e Discovery News.
Archaeologist Josh Pollard (Josh Pollard) from Southamptonshire (Southampton) University even had the audacity to say in an interview bi-Bi-si, that archaeologists found “a community of people who first built the megalithic monument at Stonehenge”. Scientists tend to believe that the original builders of Stonehenge could be people who had settled in the camp of Vespasian. At least large wooden poles set between the 9th and 7th Millennium BC.
Researchers still reject the hypothesis in a documentary film produced by bi-Bi-si about what Stonehenge originally inhabited by the people of the Mesolithic, and then left this land, came the carriers of Neolithic culture. Most likely, insist scientists, the link between eras is never interrupted, and culture interacted and mingled, giving each other a lasting impact.
According to Peter Rowley-Conwy (Peter Rowley-Conwy), Professor of archaeology, Durham (Durham) University, it is about a remarkable discovery. “This place has the potential to become one of the most important Mesolithic sites in North-Western Europe,” said Rowley-Conwy. As you can see, Stonehenge continues to give all new and new puzzles. Yesterday all the fuss was seething over the appointment of megalithic buildings in Wiltshire, they say, with Dating everything is very clear. And here’s a new twist — we still do not know who and when and, most importantly, why built Stonehenge.