The great cathedrals of Europe
The great cathedrals of Europe
Cathedral – when reading this word on the mind inevitably comes the majestic building, made with great design concept. Typically, the Cathedral is one of the major urban temples, the creation of which is necessarily important for the country’s historic event. That is why the construction of cathedrals were always with extraordinary panache. Despite the many beautiful temples around the world, first in the rating of cathedrals in size won the European structures. So interesting to learn about the great cathedrals of Europe.
First on the list of the tallest cathedrals, not only in Europe but all over the world, is considered the Gothic Cathedral, which is located in the city of Ulm, Germany. The height of the building together with the bell steeple is 161,5 meters. Visitors of this giant has the opportunity to climb to the highest point of the Cathedral by a stone spiral staircase. Interesting is the fact that the construction of the Gothic Cathedral took place over 5 centuries, from the year 1377, finishing the construction of the steeple in 1890. It is also noteworthy that according to the legend, during the construction of the temple in front of the hapless builders faced the task of how to carry huge logs through the gate. While builders struggled with the decision as to drag the log to the city, which height does not pass the city gates, one of them noticed the Sparrow that carries straw in its housing parallel to the ground. The solution was found, the Gothic Cathedral was built, and the Sparrow became a symbol of the city. It was his sculpture with a twig in its beak and stands on the main roof of the building.
The construction of the second largest Cathedral in Europe began in 1248 and took place in two stages due to financial problems. 1880 marked the opening of the tallest buildings in the world, which in 4 years became the Cologne Cathedral in Germany, Cologne. The height of the building with the spire is 157 meters. In our days this architectural creation, has the largest Church façade in the world and the largest bell. During the inspection structures do not forget that its construction has affected two eras, the Western front, which attracts the views of tourists, built in the 19th century and embodies the neo-Gothic style, while the rest of the building contains elements and features of a classic Gothic. The world’s largest bell bears the name “Saint Peter” and weighs 24 tons, and its weight language bell-800 kg.
The following record became the Notre-Dame Cathedral in France, Rouen. The building is included in the list of monuments of French national heritage, is the Cathedral with the tallest cast-iron tower in the world (151 m). The construction of the French miracle began in 1145, but after a huge fire was able to save only the walls of the North tower of Saint-Romain, the restoration of which became the construction of the southern part of the building and Oil tower, which was completed in 1880. It is noteworthy that a great artist Monet in the 19th century, created a cycle of paintings on which was depicted the history of the great Cathedral, its UPS and downs. The entire cycle consists of 50 paintings.
Strasbourg Cathedral is in France and for more than 200 years was considered the world highest Church construction. The height of the building is 142 meters and currently is the sixth place among the highest cathedrals in the world. Interesting and the most visited place of the Cathedral are considered to be the astronomical clock which was made in 1574 far and already had astronomical functions. These include the ability to calculate hours as a starting point from new year to holidays, the dates of which each year fall on different days. In Strasbourg there is a tradition, where summer evenings on the walls of the Cathedral are broadcast different color representations under the works of the world classical music.
St. Peter’s Basilica
The roomy European Cathedral is the Cathedral of St. Peter, which is located in the Vatican square with the same name with the Cathedral name. The building is considered a Central ceremonial seat of the Catholic Church, the Cathedral is a capacity of 60,000 people. The structure began to be erected in 326, however, finally ended only in the 17th century, when at the request of Paul V was produced by the elongation of the Eastern part. The 17th century also saw the emergence and the square near the Cathedral, which was designed for gathering of people to obtain the blessing of the Pope. Over finishing of the Cathedral was created by such famous architects and artists as Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini and others.
Despite the capacity of St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest Cathedral in the world is not he, and Milan Cathedral. The length of the building is 158 meters, width of 93 meters, this building also has Europe’s highest spire height of the Central nave (47 m). Milan Cathedral — the only Gothic Cathedral made of marble. The altar of this miracle adorns one of the most valuable relics of antiquity – a nail from the crucifixion of Christ.
The St. Vitus Cathedral
The St. Vitus Cathedral in Prague is rightly considered not only one of the largest but also the longest Catholic Church in the world, the length of the main nave of the Cathedral is 124 meters. Date grounds of the building is considered to be 925 year, but the peak of its development took place in 1350 – 1930. Inside, the Cathedral opens to visitors a wonderful panorama of the Gothic, which fades into a choir area with a huge stained-glass Windows.
The longest Cathedral in the Central nave (169 meters) is Winchester Cathedral, Hampshire, UK.
The Cathedral was started at the initiative of Kenwal, king of Wessex. Construction was completed in 648 G. were held In the Cathedral such important for the history of Britain events as the Coronation of Henry the young and his spouse Margaret of France (1172), Second coronation of Richard Coeur de lion (1194), Marriage of Henry IV and Joan of Navarre (1403), marriage of Mary I and Philip II (1554). The building attracts tourists not only by the size and architectural delights, but also the disposal of famous British writer Jane Austen and film “the da Vinci Code” in 2005.
The Cathedral became widely known thanks to the large stained-glass window. Height of the largest stained glass window is 24 meters, the width is 11.6 meters. This building is the school Hogwarts in the popular masterwork Harry Potter. The construction of the Cathedral took place in the distant 11th century, this building hosted the coronation of one of the most famous figures of the British monarchy – Henry III.