The art of the Aegean world. Archaeological discoveries, periods.
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has been developed in
for two thousand years (from 3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it
held: the Aegean sea and its Islands, Cycladic island, Peninsula
The Peloponnese, the West coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean.
The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist
Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first
compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. The gist of it is to share Continue reading
Spain. The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
The Gothic quarter is the oldest part of the city, situated between the Ramblas and vía Avenue Laetana (Via Laietana). At this place in the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 ad), the Romans founded a settlement (colonia). In the early XX century, during the reign of dictator Primo de Rivera architects gave the historic center of Barcelona called the Gothic quarter. In 1925-1927, this name was officially confirmed. With the Gothic period have been preserved residential building and dumping near the street via Laetana.
The main value of the Gothic quarter to the Barcelona Cathedral. In addition, in the Gothic quarter there are the following main attractions: the Palace or Palau de La Generalitat and city hall Casa de La Ciutat on plaça Sant Jaume, the home of the archdeacon, Museum of history, Plaza del Rei, Plaza Nova, Plaza del PI.
The plaça Sant Jaume has appeared in the middle ages the Roman forum. It is located in the heart of the Gothic quarter between the Cathedral and the town hall. Directly on the square overlooking the Palace Palau de La Generalitat (the Catalan government) and Ajuntament or cassà de La Ciutat (city hall).
The Catalan government Continue reading
The Island Of Cité
In each city, whether small town or a metropolis, is the center of attraction, center not so much geographically, but the cultural, historical and whatever. Paris is one of those few cities in which these centers of gravity, which has every reason to claim the title of “city centre”, several. Than, say, the Louvre or the Eiffel tower did not deserve such a title? But there is in Paris a place that is the true heart of the capital of France, the point from which started the history of this amazing city – the island of cité.
“Where did the French land. ”
Island of the cité is the historical heart of Paris, this plot of land, surrounded by river Seine, the original size, according to various estimates, from 8 to 10 hectares, started the construction of the city. Written sources indicate that it was on this island already in the III century BC there was a small settlement of local Gallic (Celtic) tribe) parisii (it is from this name in IV century ad and the present name derives from the French capital). However, not yet found archaeological evidence of the presence of pre-Roman settlement, but most scientists still think it is shite is the oldest inhabited part of Paris. Be that as it may, in the course Continue reading