Spain. The Gothic quarter in Barcelona
The Gothic quarter is the oldest part of the city, situated between the Ramblas and vía Avenue Laetana (Via Laietana). At this place in the reign of Emperor Augustus (27 BC – 14 ad), the Romans founded a settlement (colonia). In the early XX century, during the reign of dictator Primo de Rivera architects gave the historic center of Barcelona called the Gothic quarter. In 1925-1927, this name was officially confirmed. With the Gothic period have been preserved residential building and dumping near the street via Laetana.
The main value of the Gothic quarter to the Barcelona Cathedral. In addition, in the Gothic quarter there are the following main attractions: the Palace or Palau de La Generalitat and city hall Casa de La Ciutat on plaça Sant Jaume, the home of the archdeacon, Museum of history, Plaza del Rei, Plaza Nova, Plaza del PI.
The plaça Sant Jaume has appeared in the middle ages the Roman forum. It is located in the heart of the Gothic quarter between the Cathedral and the town hall. Directly on the square overlooking the Palace Palau de La Generalitat (the Catalan government) and Ajuntament or cassà de La Ciutat (city hall).
The Catalan government Continue reading
The Island Of Cité
In each city, whether small town or a metropolis, is the center of attraction, center not so much geographically, but the cultural, historical and whatever. Paris is one of those few cities in which these centers of gravity, which has every reason to claim the title of “city centre”, several. Than, say, the Louvre or the Eiffel tower did not deserve such a title? But there is in Paris a place that is the true heart of the capital of France, the point from which started the history of this amazing city – the island of cité.
“Where did the French land. ”
Island of the cité is the historical heart of Paris, this plot of land, surrounded by river Seine, the original size, according to various estimates, from 8 to 10 hectares, started the construction of the city. Written sources indicate that it was on this island already in the III century BC there was a small settlement of local Gallic (Celtic) tribe) parisii (it is from this name in IV century ad and the present name derives from the French capital). However, not yet found archaeological evidence of the presence of pre-Roman settlement, but most scientists still think it is shite is the oldest inhabited part of Paris. Be that as it may, in the course Continue reading
The main features of the relief of Russia
Relief — a set of land surface roughness. Depend on other components of nature. The slope of the surface determines the direction of flow of rivers and moving glaciers. An extensive low plains air masses move freely over large distances, and the mountains block their path. Mountainous terrain is an obstacle not only winds, but also the distribution of plants and animals. The nature of the surface is of great importance for life and economic activity. Plain more convenient for settlements, for the construction of Railways to agriculture and constructions of industrial enterprises. Mountains often associated with mining enterprises and sectors of agriculture — livestock.
The placement of large forms of relief. Russia is located North of the belt of high mountain ranges, crossing Eurasia from West to East from the Iberian Peninsula to the Himalayas. The topography is highly heterogeneous and contrasting. Its highest point — Elbrus mountain in the Caucasus — 5642 m reaches, and the coast of the Caspian sea is 28 meters below Global sea level. More than half of Russia’s territory is made of plains. To the West of the Yenisei are mostly low plains: Eastern European (Russian) and Western-Siberian. They are separated by the low Ural mountains. To the East of the Yenisei area is raised. Here is an extensive elevated plain is the Central Siberian plateau. On the East and partially in the South of Russia are climbing mountains. General Continue reading